No, the ratio’s not dead yet. But Twitter is starting to imagine what the world might look like without it.
At CES on Wednesday, Twitter revealed a number of experiments that would reshape key aspects of the platform in significant ways. The most impactful of these, at least at first glance—and certainly one that gained the most notice among Twitter users—is a new setting that would allow users to define “conversation participants." When you send a tweet, in other words, you’ll be able to limit who can reply. The choices, according to company screenshots, include Global, Group, Panel, and Statement, which respectively translate to allowing replies from everyone, from only your followers and anyone you mention, from only the people you mention in the tweet, and from no one at all.
Twitter product lead Kayvon Beykpour explained the rationale in an interview with WIRED editor in chief Nick Thompson on Wednesday afternoon. “We’re exploring ways for people to control proactively, not reactively hiding a reply,” Beykpour said. “Say Nick and I want to have a fireside chat right now. This is a conversation that’s between the two of us. Other people can see it but we don’t want this room to jump into our replies while we’re having the conversation.”
The change would effectively let you rezone Twitter from a public square to a podium. It would also, though, make it harder to correct misinformation that’s spreading in a siloed tweet. And it would effectively kill the "ratio,” the phenomenon of a Twitter user receiving orders-of-magnitude more replies than retweets or favorites. (See: Howard Schulz circa January 2019.)
Beykpour acknowledged the trade-offs, as well as those inherent in every product decision Twitter makes. But it’s at least worth trying, he says, to evolve Twitter as a platform. “The philosophical approach we took here is, when you start a conversation, as the author of a tweet you should have a little more control over the replies to that tweet,” Beykpour said. Misinformation can still be called out with a quote-tweet, which doesn’t reach the same audience but at least offers some corrective path.
It’s also important to remember that this isn’t necessarily a permanent change or even one that you’ll experience in your own timeline. Twitter will roll out a test of the feature in the first few months of this year to a small percentage of users. Whether it expands more broadly likely depends on how much anarchy it causes.
In a less controversial adjustment, Twitter is also adding a conversation view that makes it more clear where focus belongs in a given thread. “What we’ve been trying to do is really reimagine the way we display a conversation to make them easier to read, the participants and actors in that conversation more discernible, so that the authoritative voices, the people who started the conversation, the people you follow in that conversation, will be more recognizable,” said Beykpour.
Twitter has already experimented with a suite of conversational tweaks in Twttr, an app where it tests prototypes. It’s graduating the most effective ones to the main platform.
All of these tweaks and changes serve Twitter’s larger goal of conversational “health,” an initiative that kicked off in March 2018 and so far has yielded features like the ability to hide replies to a given tweet. If you’ve spent any time on the platform, you’re already aware that its infamous toxicity and harassment problems remain unsolved, which Beykpour readily acknowledges.
“There isn’t a disincentive today to being a total jerk on Twitter,” he said Wednesday. “That’s a product problem.” He pointed to services like Lyft and Uber, which have a built-in expectation of consequences for problematic riders and drivers. Thompson suggested some sort of “troll score” that Twitter could assign users; for what it’s worth, Beykpour didn’t shoot it down.
The ratio is itself a kind of disincentive. Twitter seems to prefer to not fight behavior it views as unhealthy with more unhealthy behavior. It's like putting out a fire with a pile of manure; you'll only make things worse.
Expect more product solutions, or at least experiments, to hit with increasing frequency. But also assume that efforts to silo the most toxic parts of Twitter will result in ever-louder cries of bias and so-called shadowbanning. Still, there’s hope that more subtle changes can have an outsize impact—without making Twitter itself unrecognizable in the process.
“On the spectrum of today where participants in a conversation and the author have zero control, or the control they have is very absolute—blocking or reports, or you can make your account go undetected—those are very heavy hammers,” Beykpour said. “I think that there is a more nuanced set of mechanics we can create that can allow the magic of Twitter to stay there and create really new uses.”